Cuba is surrounded by the Atlantic waters in the north and the Caribbean waters in the south. Its 5,646 km of coastline boasts many amazing diving sites. The difficulty of getting there makes it quieter than many of the popular Caribbean destinations which guarantees unspoiled dive sites.
One of the popular dive sites in Cuba is the Avalon teeming with several kinds of pelagic fishes such as jewfish, barracuda, bull ray, tortoise, and reef sharks. The visibility is excellent reaching down to 25m and with very little underwater current perfect even for beginner divers.
Giant coral, caverns, tunnels, huge mogotes, and impressive walls as well as a great selection of fish species can be seen in Cueva Azul (Blue Cave), an excellent cave diving site. Diverse marine life can be seen such as sponges, corals and shoals which are home to the small silver glassfish. The cave has three exits at 35 or 42 meters deep and you will be greeted by a marvellous “big blue” extending down to 1,500 metres.
For advance divers, there is the Banco de Jagua in Cienfuegos. It is described as a mountain that rises from the abyss. It reaches down to 18-40 meters deep teeming with rich marine biodiversity such as a wide variety of coral, sponge, and pelagic fishes: barracuda, hogfish, grouper, red snapper, parrotfish, stingray, tortoise, cat shark, reef shark, hammerhead shark, and at fortunate dives whale sharks can be seen.
One of Cuba's marine conservation efforts is the Bay of Pigs protecting prehistoric coral-reef remnants and several species of pelagic species such as tuna, barracuda, and several shark species.
Jardines de la Reina is a marine reserve teeming with healthy corals and sponges and large pelagic fishes too such as reef sharks.
Isla de la Juventud is another marine reserve where you're likely to spot Tarpon, huge predators reaching up to 2.5m in length.
Cuba has a tropical climate.
The water temperature from January to March is around 24C/75F and around 28C/82F from June to October.
It has a year round diving season.
Natural hazards include hurricanes and tropical storms during the month of July to October.
Going to Cuba is known to be difficult for US residents. All visitors are advised to contact their travel agents to facilitate ease of transportation.
Other than that, there are many international airports in major cities of Cuba. There are also domestic flights serving inter-island travels.
Buses, trains, and car rentals are also available.
The general transportation system in Cuba is excellent but be forewarned that the locals are prohibited to take you in their cars without proper papers.
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