Egypt is a transcontinental country extending to the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia. Diving in Egypt is centred in the Red Sea where some of the best dive sites in the world can be found.
The Red Sea sports maximum visibility and the calmest waters perfect for diving. What makes it very interesting to divers is that is also considered as one of the 7 Wonders of the underwater world sporting more than 1,000 species of invertebrates and over 200 species of soft and hard coral thus forming a marine ecosystem teeming with rich marine life such as white and red snapper, barracuda, titan triggerfish, mantas, whale sharks, oceanic whitetip sharks, and grey reef sharks to name a few of 1,100 species of fish.
For beginner divers or those with minimal logged dives, the northern itinerary is preferable as the southern itinerary is for experienced divers only with at least 50 logged dives.
The northern itinerary includes wreck diving and wall diving with clear waters for spotting rich marine biodiversity. One of the best wrecks is the Rosalie Moller, a 360-foot cargo vessel that was sunk by German bombers in 1941. Sitting upright at the depth of 51 metres of murky waters, this large wreck is now smothered in marine life. Some fishes that thrive in the artificial reef are silversides and glassfish often seen in huge numbers limiting the visibility even further. There are also lionfish, trevally, jacks and tuna.
Many popular dive sites such as the Elphinstone, famous for its hammerheads sharks and Dolphin Reef that were once only accessible to southern Red Sea liveaboards can now be accessed by day boat rides from Marsa Alam.
Ras Muhammad National Park is Egypt’s answer to marine conservation efforts encompassing two islands: Tiran and Sanafir. This park protects a diverse marine biodiversity in the area which are now slowly being filled with more tourists that are contributing to the degradation of corals in the area affecting several species of fish.
Egypt is a desert with hot and dry summers and moderate winters.
The water temperature in Red Sea waters varies considerably. The water reaches 30°C from June to August and falls to a chilly 22°C in February.
The depths of the dives can reach 5 metres to 40 metres with visibility ranging from 20 metres to 40 metres. The surface conditions are generally calm but choppy in some areas.
Natural hazards include occasional droughts, frequent earthquakes, flash floods, landslides and hot driving windstorms.
Egypt is a major tourist destination so getting there is relatively easy. The primary point of entry is in Cairo International Airport which is the hub of Egypt’s national carrier Egyptair.
There are ferries going to Egypt from other countries as well such as Israel.
Those who are coming from Israel can easily accessed Egypt by bus.
Be forewarned that gas is very expensive in Israel if you’re planning to rent a car.
There are also trains and taxis that offer relatively lower fares.
The general transportation system in Egypt is exceptional.
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